Semantics of Rig Veda

Rs.150.00

Pages : ix + 188

Size : 1/8 Demy

Cover : Paper Back

ISBN : 81-7994-049-7

Syntax (or grammar) and Semantics are the two wings of a language. Syntax gives the set of rules to construct sentences which are legal in the language. Semantics is the study of the meanings of words and phrases. Every legal sentence need not be meaningful. For instance the sentence, ‘the mantra-chant smashed a hill’ is legally correct, but makes no sense. The Sanskrit of Veda mantras is substantially different from the classical Sanskrit. The grammar of the sanskrit of Veda mantras is relatively simple consisting of short phrases and short sentences having less than 4 or 5 words. In the present book, the author has discussed the semantics of Rig Veda, i.e. how to understand the meaning of Rig Veda mantras.


Contents

(i) Note to the Readers / vii

(ii) Abbreviation / xi

Book One

Part I: Basics

1. Focus of our book / 2

2. Detailed comparison of SAKSHI translation with others / 7

Part II: Meanings of Words

3. Preliminary Study of Words / 28

4. Recovery of meanings of the words in RV / 34

5. Tree-structure and the 80-20 Rule / 57

6. Gods and Demons / 62

7. Some General Principles for Word Meaning Assignment / 78

8. Procedure for the meaning assignment / 83

9. Word Meaning Assignment: 61 Illustration / 89

(The list given in the next page)

Part III: Understanding the Vedic Symbolism and Insights

10. Symbolism in the Veda: Sri Aurobindo’s Insights / 135

  1. Double Meanings
  2. Symbolic Battles
  3. Release of Rays
  4. Release of Waters
  5. Raising the Sun
  6. Symbolism of rituals
  7. Symbolism of gau
  8. Need for Symbolism
  9. symbolism in other Ancient Culture

11. Study of all the Mantra-s with the word gau / 156

12. Insights in Ninteen Sukta-s (19 Titles in page v) / 177

13. Conclusion / 207

Part IV: Appendices

14. Translation and Commentaries in English, Sanskrt and Other Indian Languages / 210

15. Nighantu and Nirukta / 210

16. Simplicity of the grammar of  Veda Mantra-s / 223

17. Upasarga-s, Indeclinables and Pronouns / 230

18. The meanings of Words beginning with an / 236

19. More Word meanings / 241

20. Indices:

A: List of RV mantra-s and Sukta-s arranged by chapter / 248

B: List of mantra-s arranged according  to RV Mandala-s / 252

End of Book One / 255

Note to Book Two / 256

Book Two

(Sri Aurobindo’s Glossary)

{Grammatical Notes on (about 400) Vedic Words} / 258

(compiled by A.B.Purani)

End of Book Two / 358

Subject Index (For Book One) / 359

Samskrit words in chapters 9 and 19 / 364